Surgery Specialty Definitions

Cardiac Surgery

Surgery on the heart or the large vessels that bring blood to and from the heart.


Surgery to extract or restore teeth.

General Surgery

Surgery on the organs located within the abdomen and pelvis, or to treat conditions involving the digestive tract, endocrine system, skin, breast, or soft tissue. 


Surgery to treat conditions and disorders affecting the nervous system, including the skull, brain, pituitary gland and spinal cord.


Surgery to treat a variety of conditions affecting women’s reproductive health.


Surgery procedures performed on any part of the eye.

Oral Maxillofacial

Surgery to treat conditions in the mouth, jaws, face and neck.


Surgery to treat conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.

Otolaryngology (ENT)

Surgery to treat disorders of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck.

Plastic Surgery

Surgery to restore the appearance or function of body parts, or to change a body part for cosmetic reasons.

Thoracic Surgery

Surgery to treat organs located in the chest, including the lungs and esophagus.


Surgery to treat diseases of the urinary organs in women and the urinary tract and reproductive organs in males.

Vascular Surgery

Surgery to treat conditions of the arteries and veins, with the exception of the blood vessels of the heart.